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Savitribai Phule – Epitome of Resistance, Modernity and Empowerment


  Gowd Kiran Kumar At a time when it was a taboo to see women in public spaces, Savitribai Phule (1831-1897) spearheaded a silent movement for the empowerment of the disenfranchised in the 19th century. Dedicating her life to the emancipation of oppressed, Savitribai Phule struggled for the rights of the marginalised majority – women, …


Reinventing the Mandal Movement

kiran kumar gowd

  Gowd Kiran Kumar On August 7th, 1990, V.P. Singh tabled the Mandal Commission report in the Parliament which resulted in 27% reservations for the Other Backward Classes (OBC). This decision was followed by the Kamandal or the anti-Mandal agitation in the country. Right wing forces, led by upper caste elite sections, participated in the …